Dizziness is described as a range of abnormal sensations, such as feeling faint, woozy, weak or unsteady.
Vertigo is a symptom rather than a condition. Vertigo is a type of dizziness that is often described as feeling that you are spinning or that the world is spinning around you. It can be accompanied with nausea and vomiting. It can affect all ages. In younger patients, middle ear pathology is most often the cause. In the elderly, specific assessment is needed due to the risk of falls and their complications.
Vertigo is commonly caused by a problem with the way balance works in the inner ear. Vertigo is more common in females. Aircraft pilots and underwater divers are also subject to vertigo because of the environments in which they work. The illusions caused by disorientation can have severe consequences e.g. a pilot may sense that he is gaining altitude when in reality he is losing it, or he may feel that he is steering to the right when he is on a straight course
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of vertigo. BPPV is thought to arise due to the displacement of small crystals of calcium carbonate from the inner ear into the fluid-filled semicircular canals behind your ears.
These canals are sensitive to gravity and changes in head position like tilting the head, rolling over in bed, looking up or under, sudden head motion and this can trigger the vertigo.
A physiotherapist can also be able to tell you if this vertigo is cervical spine related or not.
The physiotherapist can perform physical examination to rule out some causes of vertigo and can treat it by performing certain maneuvers, and exercises. Most of the cases the vertigo is settled in a few sessions. (Book an Appoinment)
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