Cmmon to encounter muscle pain as the body has over 600 muscles. While pain felt in the muscles, broadly termed as Myalgia, is usually temporary and caused by overusing the muscles, it could also indicate a more complex problem, particularly when it is unrelated to physical exertion.
Muscle pain is categorized into two sections, one activity related and the other which is not. Activity related pain subsides between 24 to 48 hours and is also termed (Delayed onset muscle soreness(DOMS) but if it is not related to any activity one needs to see a medical professional to rule out any systemic causes or any underlying injury to the muscle tissue. A Physiotherapist can assess you to rule out any muscular injury and if any systemic cause is expected they can refer you to your Doctor for further investigations.
Muscle pain mostly affects the muscles of the extremities, back, abdomen, but any muscle in the body can be affected. This pain can be accompanied by various symptoms like Shooting pains, stiffness, cramps, Numbness, stabbing sensation especially in rib cage muscle pain, and burning. There is difficulty perrforming certain movements. There could be a pulling sensation. If the pain persists for several days it can interfere with your sleep.
While soreness, stiffness and cramps are most often benign, there are certain types of muscle pain that can indicate a more serious problem and therefore require a further investigation. If you hear a pop or snap during your exercises you should see a physiotherapist to rule out any tendon injuries.
Furthermore in Physiotherapy certain currents are used to treat pain. For example Drug-free, clinically validated pain reliever: TENS technology. Soft tissue techniques like cupping, graston technique, muscle energy technique, Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) technique. Muscle stretchings, Dry needling, Friction Massage, Joint Pain.
Joint pain can be divided into three categories:
Inflammatory Arthritis: Pain caused by inflammation or infection. In which you get red hot joints and pain is worse at night.
Osteoarthritis: Pain with a mechanical cause, due to wear and tear of the cartilage exposing the bones and causing pain with weight bearing or physical activities.
Joint pain can also be caused by an accident trauma or injury, occurring after an impact or fall.
The onset could be sudden or gradual accompanied by morning stiffness. The joints can become Swollen & Red, Loss of mobility , stiffness, pain, sensation of heat. In Inflammatory cases, if the pain is accompanied by swelling or redness, gets worse and persists
How to treat joint pain?
For painful joints, some muscle-strengthening exercises may also be prescribed by your physiotherapist in order to avoid making the condition worse. Other than exercises physios can use manual therapy, splinting, massage, PNF techniques and acupuncture to treat your joint pain.
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